Most people don't give much thought to mosquitoes until they develop that red, itchy welt on their skin associated with a mosquito bite. There are 176 known mosquito species in the United States which pose a health hazard to people and animals. Some examples of these potentially serious mosquito-borne diseases include Encephalitis and West Nile Virus. Severe cases can result in brain damage and even death. In 2014 the first case of Chikungunya, which causes fever, rash, severe joint pain, and other health issues, were reported in the United States. The American Mosquito Control Association is dedicated to providing leadership, information, and education to the public geared towards suppressing mosquito populations. Depending on the species of mosquito, some hibernate in the winter and re-emerge as the weather gets warmer. Some mosquitoes will begin to hatch in the Spring from the eggs laid in the previous season. Mosquito activity usually begins when temperatures reach about 50 degrees reaching their peak in the hot summer months. Many people wait until they get that red, itchy welt to begin the mosquito control process. However, by this time, the breeding populations are being established. The preparation for mosquito season should begin much earlier before mosquitoes have a chance to propagate. As the weather warms, the breeding cycle shortens, resulting in higher populations on your property. Homeowners and businesses need to mosquito proof the property. This will make your yard less inviting to mosquitoes while making sure they have less access into your home. There are some things you can do to prepare while temperatures are still cool.
- Turn over objects that are holding water
- Be sure gutters are free of debris
- Fill in any low lying areas both in the yard and along the driveway
- Repair damaged window screens and fill any cracks or leaks in and around the foundation
- Remove any yard debris
- Shake off tarps that have accumulated water
- fill in hollow spots both in logs or in trees