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Invasive Mosquito Species

Did you know that prior to the 1940’s, malaria was a very common problem in our southern states? The Center for Disease Control (CDC) was originally known as the Office of Malaria Control in War Areas because mosquitoes and malaria were so prevalent in states like Tennessee and Louisiana. By 1952, after an aggressive insecticide campaign, malaria was virtually wiped out of the USA.

Fast forward 60 years, and the rates of malaria in the USA are rising, mainly due to invasive mosquito species. In March of 2013, the CDC declared that the rate of malaria in the United States was at its highest in 40 years, with over 1,900 people infected (Source: McNeil, D., 2013).

Two types of mosquitos are mostly responsible for spreading malaria: the Anopheles, and the Culex. While these aren’t the most invasive mosquito species, they are responsible for transmitting not only malaria, but also West Nile Virus and encephalitis. These two types of mosquitos are mainly limited to areas with large bodies of water and typically only feed early in the morning or during sunset.

Despite their danger and ability to transmit diseases, the Anopheles and Culex aren’t the most invasive mosquito species anymore – that title has been passed onto the Asian tiger mosquito.

Asian Tiger Mosquito

The world’s most invasive mosquito is the Asian tiger, a member of the Aedes mosquito genus.

The Asian tiger mosquito can be found on nearly continent, except Australia and Antarctica, but the Australia government believes it’s only a matter of time before the invasion begins (according to an IB Times article from 2014). The female Asian tiger mosquito prefers the blood of humans over any other animal and these vicious mosquitos have been known to bite multiple times, engorging themselves on blood.

Not only are Asian tiger mosquitos a nuisance to humans, they’re downright sinister to other mosquitos! Studies have found that Asian tiger mosquitos will outcompete other mosquitos by taking control over bodies of water and feeding sites. Eventually, the Asian tiger will outnumber other mosquito species in an area until they are nearly eliminated.

The Asian tiger mosquito is very adaptable, and they can survive cold and frost conditions. They typically live very close to humans, making their homes in trash and debris, which helps protect them during harsh weather.

The only semi-positive quality about the Asian tiger mosquito is that they aren’t known to spread malaria, but they are carriers of illnesses like yellow fever, West Nile, dengue fever, and the fairly new disease chikungunya.

No matter the type of mosquito, even the fearsome Asian tiger, DC Mosquito Squad is equipped with the power to eliminate over 95 percent of mosquitos, ticks, or stink bugs from your yard with our highly effective barrier treatment.